李小云,袁振东.化学通报,2022,85(11):1402-1407.
从零维到三维的金范式: 金单质概念的新发展
The Golden Paradigm from Zero to Three Dimensions: New Developments in the Concept of Gold Elements
投稿时间:2022-04-25  修订日期:2022-05-19
DOI:
中文关键词:  金单质,金纳米球,金纳米棒,金纳米片,金纳米哑铃
英文关键词:Gold element, Gold nanosphere, Gold nanorod, Gold nanosheet, Gold nanodumbbell
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李小云 河南师范大学化学化工学院 新乡 453007 2107927176@qq.com 
袁振东 河南师范大学化学化工学院 yuanzhendong64@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      含有零维金纳米球的胶体金,在古埃及就已经被用于制造彩色玻璃,但直到20世纪,人们才对其进行系统的研究。20世纪下半叶,一维金纳米棒的合成及其奇异的光学性质引起了科学家对金纳米颗粒的关注。随后,二维金纳米片、三维金纳米哑铃等金纳米颗粒的相继出现,丰富和发展了金单质的概念。几种新的金单质的发现,构建了从零维到三维的金范式,从而启发人们对“金单质”及其应用进行更加深入的探究。
英文摘要:
      Colloidal gold containing zero-dimensional gold nanospheres has been used to make colored glass in ancient Egypt, but it was not systematically studied until the 20th century. In the second half of the 20th century, the synthesis of one-dimensional gold nanorods and their exotic optical properties attracted the attention of scientists to gold nanoparticles. Subsequently, gold nanoparticles such as two-dimensional gold nanosheets and three-dimensional gold nanodumbbells appeared one after another, enriching and developing the concept of gold. The discovery of several new elements of gold has established a gold paradigm from zero-dimensional to three-dimensional, and inspire people to make a more in-depth exploration of gold element and its application.
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