任书博,张宁,张瑞昌,周鸣,赵远,魏学锋.化学通报,2024,87(2):209-217,225.
短程硝化-厌氧氨氧化工艺的挑战与对策
Challenges and Countermeasures of Partial Nitrification-Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation Process
投稿时间:2023-07-04  修订日期:2023-08-16
DOI:
中文关键词:  短程硝化-厌氧氨氧化  高碳氮比  厌氧氨氧化菌  亚硝酸盐氧化菌抑制  快速启动
英文关键词:partial nitrification-anaerobic ammonium  high C/N ratio  anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria  nitrite oxidizing bacteria inhibition  quick start-up
基金项目:河南省自然科学基金项目(232300420134)和河南省引智项目(HNGD2022058)资助
作者单位E-mail
任书博 河南科技大学化学化工学院 321219017@qq.com 
张宁 河南科技大学化学化工学院  
张瑞昌 河南科技大学化学化工学院  
周鸣 河南科技大学化学化工学院  
赵远 河南科技大学化学化工学院  
魏学锋* 河南科技大学化学化工学院 xfwei@huast.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 225
全文下载次数: 19
中文摘要:
      短程硝化-厌氧氨氧化(PN/A)工艺与传统生物脱氮工艺相比,具有能耗低、设备简单、污泥产率低等诸多优点,在污水脱氮领域备受关注。本文首先总结了PN/A工艺在实际应用中存在的一些挑战,比如,处理高C/N废水效果不佳、亚硝酸盐氧化细菌(NOB)抑制困难、启动缓慢等。然后,针对上述挑战,提出了一些PN/A工艺的改进措施。可使用多种预处理技术来降低废水有机物含量,以减弱高C/N比废水的负面影响;根据NOB、厌氧氨氧化菌(AnAOB)、氨氧化细菌(AOB)之间生长条件的差异,通过调控温度、pH、溶解氧等环境条件或添加抑制剂来抑制NOB的生长。接着,总结了PN/A工艺快速启动的方法,即通过添加化学物质、物理场、外加AnAOB种泥,并给予AnAOB最佳生长条件等方法,实现PN/A工艺的快速启动。最后,展望了PN/A工艺未来有待深入研究的方向。
英文摘要:
      The partial nitrification-anaerobic ammonium oxidation (PN/A) process has many advantages over traditional biological nitrogen removal processes, such as low energy consumption, simple equipment, and low sludge yield, and is therefore of great interest in the field of wastewater nitrogen removal. Firstly, some challenges in the practical application of PN/A process are summarized in this paper, such as poor treatment effect of high C/N wastewater, difficulty in inhibiting nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB), and slow start-up of the PN/A process, etc. Then, in response to the above challenges, some improvement measures for PN/A process have been proposed. Such as, reducing the organic matter concentration in wastewater through various pretreatment technologies to reduce the negative impact of high C/N wastewater. According to the differences in growth conditions among NOB, anammox (AnAOB), and ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), the growth of NOB bacteria can be inhibited by regulating environmental conditions such as temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen, or by adding inhibitors. Next, the methods for rapid start-up of the PN/A process were summarized, which can be achieved through strategies such as adding chemical substances, physical fields, adding AnAOB seed mud, and providing optimal growth conditions for AnAOB. Finally, the future directions of the pending in-depth research of PN/A technology are prospected.
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