李悦,李小梅,秦君,张瑜,张潇,程仪,冯锋.化学通报,2022,85(9):1113-1120.
氨基硅球及其复合材料的合成与金属离子吸附
Synthesis of Amino Functionalized Silica Spheres and its Composites and the Adsorption of Metal Ions
投稿时间:2022-01-04  修订日期:2022-02-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  二氧化硅微球  石墨烯复合材料  氨基修饰氧化硅  重金属离子
英文关键词:Silica spheres  Graphene composites  Amino functionalized silica  Heavy metal ions
基金项目:山西省高等学校科技创新项目(201802095)和山西省研究生教育改革研究项目(2020YJJG296)资助
作者单位E-mail
李悦 山西大同大学 1571960693@qq.com 
李小梅 山西大同大学  
秦君 山西大同大学  
张瑜 山西大同大学  
张潇 山西大同大学  
程仪 山西大同大学  
冯锋 山西大同大学山西能源学院  
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中文摘要:
      采用一锅法制备单分散氨基功能化氧化硅球(AFS),再利用水热法合成了AFS石墨烯气凝胶复合材料(AFSGA)。利用X射线衍射、显色反应、扫描电镜、傅里叶红外谱图等手段对AFS和AFSGA进行表征,考察了催化剂用量,有机硅源的种类及硅酸乙酯与硅源的加入比例等因素对AFS的形貌、表面结构与性质,以及对重金属离子吸附性能的影响。采用X射线荧光法测试了AFS和AFSGA对多种重金属离子的吸附特性,二者对Hg2+的吸附量分别为142.3和102.84 mg/g。单分散AFS是一种合成流程便捷,应用经济性优异的吸附材料,而超轻、结构稳定性良好的AFSGA更具有易于回收与重复利用的应用优势。
英文摘要:
      Monodispersed amino functionalized silica spheres (AFS) were prepared by one-pot method, and AFS graphene aerogel composites (AFSGA) were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The AFS and AFSGA were characterized by XRD, amino color reaction, SEM and FTIR. The effects of the amount of catalyst, types of organic silane on the morphology, surface structure and properties of AFS, as well as the adsorption capacity of heavy metal ions were investigated. X-ray fluorescence was used to test the heavy metal ions adsorption of AFS and AFSGA, and the adsorption capacity for Hg2+ are 142.3 and 102.84 mg/g, respectively. AFS has facile synthesis process; the material also exhibited excellent application economy. And AFSGA, which is ultra-light and has good structure stability, has the application advantages of easy recycling and reuse.
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